Time Effects on the Axial Compression Bearing Capacity of Piles Driven in Offshore Clays of Persian Gulf – A Case Study
Abstract: Nowadays, CPT based methods are vastly employed for predicting the bearing capacity of offshore piles. Previous experiences have shown that the pile capacity is time-dependent (setup and relaxation). Time effect on pile bearing capacity is extremely important which is missing in most CPT based prediction methods. Thus, the main objectives of this paper are: (1) comparing the pile capacity results of some popular CPT based methods with those obtained from Pile Dynamic Analyzer (PDA) and Case Pile Wave Analysis Program (CAPWAP) at End-Of-Drive (EOD) and Beginning-Of-Restrike (BOR) conditions periodically up to9 months during pile installation; and (2) comparing the predictions of the most accurate CPT based methods to the Skov and Denver (1988) equation which has a semi-logarithmic time function form. For verification purposes, thecritical focus of this study has been on employing the invaluable and very rare results of a test pile driven in offshore clays of South Pars field – Persian Gulf, Iran. The field results show that almost all CPT based methods estimate the pile capacity higher than those of EOD condition. However, they are generally close to the results of BOR condition as well as the Skov and Denver (1988) equation with 100-day time reference. In addition, comparing to the long-term predictions of CPT based methods, the set-up factor values proposed by NGI (2000) equation are the most precise ones against the CAPWAP results.